Environmental signs are the indications from the environment and on goods which makes it simple for people to interact easily with products for their use in addition to the things in the physical environment such as streets, roads etc.. Two Chief signs are discussed in this article specifically,
Pictograms on the bundle and road/traffic signs.
Pictograms are graphic symbols representing an idea or thought. They largely have an association with the concept that they portray. Nowadays, most pictographs are used as symbols on packaged products to warn customers of the risks or hazards connected with mishandling of the product. They also educate clients about the’likes and dislikes’ of the goods. Cases of pictograms mostly used on packages are shown below.
A. Umbrella with drops of rain falling on itThis indicates that the product is waterproof.
B. Broken Glass- This means the item is breakable or delicate, so it needs to be handled with caution.
c. This Way Up- This is a sign with arrows which indicates where a package is supposed to be opened.
Road signs are the signs erected along the roads to demonstrate street users what to do and what not to do at certain times and places on the street. Road users include drivers, pedal cyclists, motorcyclists, and pedestrians. Road signs and markings are utilized to guide, warn, inform, guide, prohibit and control the use of the street. Road signs are classified into three, namely:
- Warning signs
- Regulatory signs
- Informatory signs
- Warning signs
These traffic signals are encased in red triangular borders with white backgrounds. They indicate that a hazard ahead on the street which might be concealed from road users. Examples are:
A. Right Bend- This implies the road forward bends to the right.
B. Roadway Narrows- This indicates that the road ahead .
C. Pedestrian Crossing- This means that pedestrians cross the street at that section and so, drivers need to drive slowly at the spot.
Regulatory or Prohibitory signs
These traffic signals are encased in red circular edges with white backgrounds. They’re utilized to signify a regulation that is applicable to the use of traffic lanes on the street in addition to vehicles before them.
A. No U-turn- This implies that road users, particularly drivers shouldn’t move their vehicles at a U-turn at the section of the street as it’s not permitted by the street licensing authority.
B. No Entry- This implies that no vehicle is permitted to enter that place.
C. No Overtaking- This implies that It’s risky for motorists to overtake
Informational / Directional signs
These traffic signs give information to road users on the titles of particular locations on the road, the mile coverage to cities and villages along the street etc.. They’re either in green or blue colored shapes. The contours are mostly rectangular in shape.
A. 50KM into Mampong (A city in Ghana) – This provides an information to drivers that they’re about 50km to Mampong.
Creating your own signs
There are numerous rich ideas which are easily available in the environment that the graphic artist can tap for use. They comprise animate and inanimate objects such as trees, stones, animals, flowers, etc.. Also, a lot of ideas can be generated from geometric shapes such as triangles, rectangles, square, hexagon, etc.. Other workable sources of ideas can be obtained from photographs, illustrations and drawings in addition to font or type styles.
The young graphic artist can follow the various phases in idea development to come out with first and special designs he can attach symbolic or philosophical meanings to them. The different stages of idea development are:
- Critical examination and investigation
- Analytical drawing
- Insert or delete notions
- Add color to the design
- Produce a Couple of original designs
- Critical evaluation and analysis- This is the initial stage in thought development. It entails making a critical examination and evaluation of the item, which new ideas can be generated.
- Analytical drawing- This is the next phase in idea development. At this point, the artist produces a detailed or analytical drawing of the object under study. He draws the object just as it is.
- Insert or delete thoughts – The artist adds or delete any thoughts to the original design attracted. This provides the resultant design a fresh and authentic look.
- Add color to the design- The artist provides the create design different color effects to view how the final design will look like.
- Create a couple of original designs- Based on the design generated, the graphic artist brainstorms and generates an extra one or two initial designs. He might apply different color effects to the generated designs. Then he shows it to friends, relatives or coworkers and solicits for their general opinions and choice. The ideal design is chosen and used for the purpose.